AKKUM


AKKUM
AKKUM (Heb. עַכּוּ״ם), abbreviation consisting of the initial letters of עֲבוֹדַת כּוֹכָבִים וּמַזָּלוֹת ("worship of stars and planets") or עוֹבְדֵי כּוֹכָבִים וּמַזָלוֹת ("worshipers of stars and planets"). It was originally applied to the Chaldean star worshipers but it was later extended to apply to all idolaters and forms of idolatry. This word is not found at all in the oldest editions of the Mishnah, Talmud, the Yad of Maimonides, or the Shulḥan Arukh. Most editions of these works have a note to the effect that the laws against Akkum refer only to ancient idolaters and not to Christians. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J.S. Bloch, Israel and the Nations (1927), 65–75, 85–86, 100; D. Hoffmann, Der Schulchan Aruch (1894), 129–50, 160–78; H.L. Strack, Introduction to the Talmud and Midrash (1931), 262, n.66.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Akkum — Akkum, hebr. Abkürzung von »Abodath kochabim umassalot« (Kultus der Sterne und Sternbilder) und »Obed kochabim umassalot« (Diener der Sterne und Sternbilder = Götzendiener), eine Erfidung der Zensur für die ursprünglichen Lesarten der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • akkum — ˈäkəm noun ( s) Etymology: Hebrew akkum, an acrostic (its details obscured by transliteration) of ōbhedh kōkhābhīm ūmazzālōth worshiper of stars and constellations 1. : a Chaldean star worshiper 2. in the Talmud : heathen …   Useful english dictionary

  • akkum — ak·kum …   English syllables

  • Akku — Akkum 1.denAkkuaufladen(auftanken)=Kräftesammeln;sicherholen;eineErholungsreiseunternehmen;einSchläfchenhalten.DerAkku(Akkumulator)istinderTechnikeinEnergiespeicher.1930ff. 2.derAkkuistleer=manistentkräftet,brauchtErholung.1930ff …   Wörterbuch der deutschen Umgangssprache

  • GENTILE — GENTILE, non Jew. It was only during the later Second Temple period that a sharp distinction and a barrier of separation was erected between the Jew and the gentile. The prohibition of marriage, which in the Bible was limited to the seven… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Payot — (also peyot, payos, peyes, ] , and the Priestly Code of the Torah arguing that, in certain cases of tzaraath, the hair should be completely shaved away [] OriginAccording to biblical scholars, the shaving of hair was originally a mourning custom… …   Wikipedia

  • Jewish heretics — are Jewish individuals (historically, philosophers) whose works have in part or in whole been condemned as heretical by significant persons or groups in the larger Jewish community based on the classical teachings of Judaism and derived from… …   Wikipedia

  • Heresy in Orthodox Judaism — (Hebrew: כְּפִירָה‎ kefira) is principally defined as departure from the traditional Jewish principles of faith. Mainstream Orthodox Judaism holds that rejection of the simple meaning of Maimonides 13 principles of Jewish faith involves… …   Wikipedia

  • Kota Srinivasa Rao — Infobox actor name = Kota Srinivasa Rao imagesize = caption = birthname = birthdate = birth date and age|1945|13|19 birthplace = Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh flagicon|India India othername = occupation = Actor yearsactive = 1975 to present spouse …   Wikipedia

  • Solomon Rubin — (born in Dolina, Galicia, April 31823) was a Neo Hebrew author from Galicia.LifeHe was educated for the rabbinate, but, being attracted by Haskalah and modern learning, he entered upon a business career which lasted about five years. This proving …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.